A healthy and nutritious diet is a combination of vital elements like minerals, calcium, vitamins etc. Potassium is a chemical which is very much required by your body to stay in good health. It is easily available in the natural foods you consume daily. Potassium is never created in your body on its own. So food is the only source to gain enough potassium. However, too much or too little potassium is hazardous to health. It is a fact that 4000+ mg of potassium should be consumed by a grown up individual but less than 2 percentage of individuals in the United States comes under this measure.
There are health conditions which lead to imbalance in potassium levels, either too high (hyperkalemia) or too low (hypokalemia). Many treatments are being practiced by doctors for the patients who face this imbalance. Kidneys are the cleansing organs of our body. It eliminates the excess potassium in our body through urine. Once the kidneys are damaged or on the verge of failure this control is lost. Low potassium diets are one proven method to treat people with too much potassium.
Almost every food item you consume will have some amount of potassium. So, the challenge is to choose foods with low potassium level.
Low potassium food plan
- Apples – One medium size with skin
- Blackberries – ½ a cup
- Cherries – ½ a cup
- Apricots – Two medium with skin
- Grapes – 15 to 20 in numbers, medium size
- Grapefruit – ½ portion of a medium one
- Peach – 1 medium size
- Blueberries – ½ a cup
Raspberries, Rhubarb, plum, strawberries are all fruits that someone with hyperkalemia can enjoy but in moderation.
- Broccoli – ½ a cup
- Asparagus – 5 to 6 medium sticks
- Mushrooms – ½ a cup
- Cabbage – ½ a cup ,best eaten uncooked
- Okra – ½ a cup
- Cucumbers – ½ or 1 cup
- Eggplant – ½ a cup
Corn, celery, cauliflower, carrots, radish, turnips, zucchini, peas are all good vegetables to practice a low potassium diet but again it should be in moderation.
- Cow’s milk or soy milk – ½ cup
- Eggs -1 to 2
- Turkey- Roasted 2 ounces
- Cheese – cottage or ricotta – ½ cup
- Nuts – walnuts or almonds -1 ounce
- Lentils – ¼ cup
- Pasta – ½ cup
- Rice – 1/3 cup
- Bread -1 slice
- Tortilla – 1 (it can be corn or flour)
Olive oil and herbs can be added to rice and pasta as seasoning because it’s healthy and makes a lot of difference to the taste of your controlled food chart.
Drinks (limited intake)
- Flavored water
- Energy drinks
Alcohols can be enjoyed at times as part of social drinking but only opt for vodka, whiskey, gin, brandy and avoid beer, sherry, champagne, wines etc.
Avoid processed foods available in stores as far as possible since those are high in sodium and chemicals to keep it fresh for so long. Always opt for fresh cooked foods at home because it is worth the effort. Long life with healthy body is not that difficult if you are determined.